Roulette Wheel – All you need to know about roulette wheels

Roulette wheel

The most important factor in Roulette is, of course, the roulette wheel. The combination of the wheel and the ball’s velocity determine the outcome and so whether the roulette player, win or lose. If you like you can see the roulette wheel as the central factor in the roulette game. Whether you play live dealer roulette or online roulette, the wheel is always the central point of the game. 

Background of the Roulette wheel

The origin of the roulette wheel is found in France, introduced by the Frenchman and inventor Blaise Pascal. He designed the roulette cylinder in the 17th century. His real goal was to develop a perpetual motion machine. How this perpetual mobile relates to the current design of the roulette wheel is unclear to us.

For the inexperienced player there is no difference between the different roulette wheels, but for the advanced roulette players is important to know you it is important to know that there are differences and what exactly these differences are.

The first decision of any player will be to choose between a European or American Roulette game. The difference is as we've previously explained that the American Roulette game has an extra 0 on the cylinder thus on the wheel. This is an extra advantage for the casino, for the House. 

Although you're here less likely to win yet many players choose for this wheel because according to some traditional casino players this is the ‘ real roulette’., In most physical casinos in Las Vegas, they have these wheels, even the first French roulette wheels had two zeroes on the wheel. This changed, however, when the German casinos introduced to the single zero roulette wheel attract more customers. This eventually became the European roulette wheel design.

American Roulette wheel

American roulette wheelThe American roulette wheel has 38 total ‘pockets’ and possible outcomes. 2 x 0 and 1 to 36. 18 of these possible outcomes are red and 18 are black, the 2 zero’s (0 and 00) outcomes are green. The two green fields are located at the extremes of the cylinder, opposite to each other. There are no consecutive numbers and colours on the wheel on the wheel. The order of the figures, against the clock, is as follows 0, 2, 14, 35, 23, 4, 16, 33, 21, 6, 18, 31, 19, 8, 12, 29, 25, 10, 27, 00, 1, 13, 36, 24, 3, 15, 34, 22, 5, 17, 32, 20, 7, 11, 30, 26, 9, 28.

European Roulette wheel

european roulette wheelThe European or French Roulette wheel has a single zero and so is a better choice for people who want to make more chance to win (Who doesn’t?). The 0 is green and there are also here 18 black fields and 18 red fields. The order of the numbers, clockwise, is as follows: 26, 3, 35, 12, 28, 7, 29, 18, 22, 9, 31, 14, 20, 1, 33, 16, 24, 5, 10, 23, 8, 30, 11, 36, 13, 27, 6, 34, 17, 25, 2, 21, 4, 19, 15, 32.

Bets placed on European Roulette

Another difference between European and American Roulette is that you get to have extra bets on European roulette. This additional pickling has to do with the layout of the wheel. For instance:

Zero play (jeu zero)

Zero play is much played in the casino. The combinations are…

0:12, 35, 3, 26, 0, 32, 15
Panty (4 chips) 1 on 0/3 split, 1 on 12-15 split, 1 on 26 straight and 1 on 32-35 split.

The Zero Voisins (neighbours or zero)

Figures around the 0:22, 18, 29, 7, 28, 12, 35, 3, 26, 0, 32, 15, 19, 4, 21, 2, 25
Panty (9 chips) 2 chips on the 0-2-3 trio, 4-7, 12-15, 1 in every split 18-21, 19-22, 32-35 and 1 25-26-28-29 on the corner.

Orphelins (orphans)

Digits: 17, 34, 6, 1, 20, 14, 31, 9
Inlay (5 chips) 1 on 1 and 1 on each 6-9, 14-17, 17-20, 31-34 split


Figures: 33, 16, 24, 5, 10, 23, 8, 30, 11, 36, 13, 27
Inlay (6 chips) 1 on each 5-8, 10-11, 13-16, 23-24, split 27-30, 33-36


Figures: 5 consecutive digits determined by the player.
Inlay (5 chips) 1 on each straight

Look here for an overview of Bets and Payouts

The logic of the layout of the wheel

At both the wheel at American Roulette and/or European Roulette the wheel of the order of the figures is different from their successive value and at both roulette wheels, the order is also completely different. But still not random, the order of the figures determine why the Roulette game is in balance is and why the probability of the outcome is as stable as it is. The order of the figures is therefore completely thought out.

First of all, the figures seem to be on any order placed, this confused the player in that there is no system and the player can thus determine that are actually no sector is preferred. Experienced roulette players know the layout of the wheel from their head and have a good feeling when the system and the probabilities.

Also, the colours; Red and black whole divided proportionally and is the colour green at the single or double 0 as posted to coordinate with the European wheel more or less constitutes the central point of the wheel and at the American wheel the wheel more or less in half shares.

High and low figures are divided as well as possible. If you look at the order of the figures at both wheels you will see that there is no clear find series but that there is a good balance between high and low figures. More experienced players prefer for that reason the European wheel because there the division between the high and low figures more in balance.

Even and odd numbers must be evenly distributed over the wheel and there should never be more than 2 odd or even numbers next to each other.

Manufacturers of Roulette wheels

At online casinos, you can generally 2 types of Roulette games. Either you play Online video roulette were you play against the Randon Number Generator (NRG) of the casino, and live dealer online roulette where you're (via the Internet) in a real casino. At the 2nd option, it is of course interesting to know who made the roulette wheel.

There are many different makers of roulette wheels and roulette tables but there are a small number who really is known as the best makers of roulette wheels. These are Cammegh, with headquarters in Ashford, Kent. John Huxley is also a well-known maker of roulette wheels and tables. And finally, do you have any Paul-Son which is also good and popular wheels makes.

The important properties of roulette wheels

Beautiful cammegh mercury roulette wheel

The more you play at your favorite online casino roulette the more you want to know about the game.  At one point you will want to know of the game, the wheel, the casino, the dealer and more. And then you will choose your favorite online casino based on your personal preferences for the wheel, the dealer and more

Since there are so many different manufacturers of roulette wheels, there are also differences between the different wheels. and as small or greater these differences are they can affect the outcome of the turn.

The ‘pockets’: those are the fields below the figure where the ball ends. The dynamics have to do with different ways in which the steel edges are delineated. This can be done with 1 straight edge or with an edge that ends toward the Center. In the last situation you see that the ball takes longer to find its rest point. In the first variation you’ll see that the ball bounces around harder. The higher this edge is, the faster the ball finds it resting point. For casino’s a bouncing ball is important and many players find that also a nice element of roulette.

There is also a variant without jagged edges but with pockets in the shape of a triangle. The ball bounces here much less high but flies  harder through the wheel. Many players find this enjoyable to look at.

Because many casinos now also offer online live dealer roulette in HD you can now have an experience online similar as in a real life casino.

The balls

roulette balls and dollies

The balls at online roulette are always proportional to the wheel and the pockets. Serious casino's use balls with a diameter of 32 mm or 27.30. Some other (les serious?) casinos use smaller balls of 18 or 21 mm. Original quality balls are made of ivory, but nowadays many manufacturers also use teflon.  Which has slightly different characteristics.

The patterns and betting systems at online roulette

Players always think of ways how to be smarter than the wheel. Roulette ware constantly checked on accuracy and among other things, checked on the speed at which the wheel turns. On we have also written about different roulette strategies and roulette tactics and how you can increase your chance of winning at roulette, but it remains of course a gambling game where you never obtain a guarantee on profit.

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